banking

The Remarkable And Lengthy Consistency of Repo

By |2018-06-25T18:11:32+00:00June 25th, 2018|Currencies, Economy, Federal Reserve/Monetary Policy, Markets|

Before August 2007, US$ money markets operated efficiently and predictably. They behaved according to a rigid hierarchy, which is a good thing no matter how it may sound. This inflexibility in the context of funding markets was exactly what we would want. Arbitrage opportunity was responsible for enforcing the rules. One simple example was the [...]

Bank Reserves Appendix; One Additional Case Study

By |2018-05-11T16:48:29+00:00May 11th, 2018|Currencies, Economy, Federal Reserve/Monetary Policy, Markets|

Early last month, Deutsche Bank replaced one CEO pledged to paring back the bank’s ailing franchise with another committed to doing the same thing only more quickly. As I wrote at the time, “Cryan isn’t being ousted because he was wrong, but because he was right.” In comes Christian Sewing whose plans are starting to [...]

Bank Reserves Part 2; If QE Was Really QT, Then Why Hasn’t QT Been QE?

By |2018-05-09T17:35:19+00:00May 8th, 2018|Economy, Federal Reserve/Monetary Policy, Markets|

Since we’ve already cracked open the accounting, it makes some sense to take our example into an important corollary examination (if you haven’t yet, you’ll need to read through Part 1). In our prior examples, we’ve assumed that the swap of risk-free assets on Bank A’s asset side is a neutral trade. That is, there [...]

Bank Reserves Part 1; The Great Tease

By |2018-05-09T17:35:48+00:00May 8th, 2018|Currencies, Economy, Federal Reserve/Monetary Policy, Markets|

I completely understand the confusion regarding bank reserves. I really do. It’s easy to believe they are money because that’s what you’ve been taught from Day 1. Not only that, the same message is carelessly reinforced in the media every single time QE or any LSAP is referenced. Bank reserves are the aftermath of money [...]

The Real Euro Watch

By |2017-09-08T17:15:14+00:00September 8th, 2017|Currencies, Economy, Federal Reserve/Monetary Policy, Markets|

Everyone is now a euro watcher. The European common currency’s exchange value against the dollar has been on the rise, to put it mildly. Despite decades of declaring floating currencies the optimal framework, it really is quite entertaining to watch the furor when these things actually float one way or the other. This recent trend [...]

Why JPY?

By |2017-05-18T18:33:16+00:00May 18th, 2017|Currencies, Economy, Federal Reserve/Monetary Policy, Markets|

One of the most prominent features of the “rising dollar”, if not the “rising dollar” itself, was an almost out of control shortage in FX basis. Though cross currency basis swaps with Japan received all the attention, with very good reason, the basis was off against the euro, franc, and a host of other majors. [...]

To The Asian ‘Dollar’, And Then What?

By |2017-04-24T16:13:46+00:00April 24th, 2017|Currencies, Economy, Federal Reserve/Monetary Policy, Markets|

The Bretton Woods system was intentionally set up to funnel monetary convertibility through official channels. The primary characteristic of any true gold standard is that any person who wishes can change paper claims into hard money. It was as much true in any one country as between those bound by the same legal framework (property). [...]

We Need To Define The ‘Shadows’, And All Parts of Them; or, ‘Rising Dollar’ Kills Another Recovery Narrative

By |2017-04-05T18:44:45+00:00April 5th, 2017|Currencies, Economy, Federal Reserve/Monetary Policy, Markets|

JP Morgan’s CEO Jamie Dimon caused a stir yesterday with his 45-page annual letter to shareholders. The phrase that gained him so much widespread attention was, “there is something wrong with the US.” Dimon mentioned secular stagnation and correctly surmised it was the right idea if for the wrong reasons. He then gave his own [...]