The Remarkable And Lengthy Consistency of Repo

By |2018-06-25T18:11:32+00:00June 25th, 2018|Currencies, Economy, Federal Reserve/Monetary Policy, Markets|

Before August 2007, US$ money markets operated efficiently and predictably. They behaved according to a rigid hierarchy, which is a good thing no matter how it may sound. This inflexibility in the context of funding markets was exactly what we would want. Arbitrage opportunity was responsible for enforcing the rules. One simple example was the [...]

Bank Reserves Appendix; One Additional Case Study

By |2018-05-11T16:48:29+00:00May 11th, 2018|Currencies, Economy, Federal Reserve/Monetary Policy, Markets|

Early last month, Deutsche Bank replaced one CEO pledged to paring back the bank’s ailing franchise with another committed to doing the same thing only more quickly. As I wrote at the time, “Cryan isn’t being ousted because he was wrong, but because he was right.” In comes Christian Sewing whose plans are starting to [...]

Bank Reserves Part 2; If QE Was Really QT, Then Why Hasn’t QT Been QE?

By |2018-05-09T17:35:19+00:00May 8th, 2018|Economy, Federal Reserve/Monetary Policy, Markets|

Since we’ve already cracked open the accounting, it makes some sense to take our example into an important corollary examination (if you haven’t yet, you’ll need to read through Part 1). In our prior examples, we’ve assumed that the swap of risk-free assets on Bank A’s asset side is a neutral trade. That is, there [...]

Bank Reserves Part 1; The Great Tease

By |2018-05-09T17:35:48+00:00May 8th, 2018|Currencies, Economy, Federal Reserve/Monetary Policy, Markets|

I completely understand the confusion regarding bank reserves. I really do. It’s easy to believe they are money because that’s what you’ve been taught from Day 1. Not only that, the same message is carelessly reinforced in the media every single time QE or any LSAP is referenced. Bank reserves are the aftermath of money [...]

What Really Happened In Europe

By |2018-05-07T19:03:02+00:00May 7th, 2018|Currencies, Economy, Federal Reserve/Monetary Policy, Markets|

The primary example of globally synchronized growth has been Europe. Nowhere has more hope been attached to shifting fortunes. The Continent, buoyed by the persistence of central bankers like Mario Draghi, has not just accelerated it is actually booming. Or so they say. Last September, politicians were lining up to confidently declare as much, often [...]

QE Through The Housing Channel

By |2018-04-23T12:15:24+00:00April 23rd, 2018|Currencies, Economy, Federal Reserve/Monetary Policy, Markets|

Even after several years of them, monetary policymakers continued to tread carefully with large scale asset purchases (LSAP). Otherwise known as quantitative easing (QE), in the US they were first announced all the way back in the darkest days of global financial panic in 2008. Yet, in 2012 and 2013 concerns remained that they could [...]